Themes

  1. Identifying common drivers of pandemics, poor population health and environmental degradation.

    Work Package I will identify causes of pandemics, poor population health and environmental degradation – proximal and distal, and within different systems – as a basis for mapping their common drivers. The causes will be identified using two parallel, but interacting, processes:

    i. synthesising evidence from recent relevant publications following scoping review; and,

    ii. development of a causal map using group model building methods. These two strands will be combined to create an overarching conceptual model of the common drivers across all three domains.

  2. Identifying synergistic actions that tackle common drivers across all three domains.

    Using similar methods to those used in Work Package I, Work Package II will identify actions with synergistic outcomes across the three domains, combined to create an overarching conceptual model of synergistic actions. We expect these to represent some of the most cost-effective, efficient and acceptable actions.

  3. Describing costs – health, economic, social and political – of action and inaction on pandemics, poor population health and environmental degradation.

    Work Package III will use the conceptual model from Work Package II to estimate the costs and benefits of interventions that act across multiple domains.

  4. Identifying and activating routes to synergistic actions.

    Building on the first three Work Packages, Work Package IV will identify potential levers to drive change at local, national and international levels, including those activated by citizen engagement through deliberative and participatory processes. These will be elaborated upon in a theory of change that will both consider change within complex systems, and the framing of routes into change.